14 June 2011. ESPI and the Prague Security Studies Institute (PSSI) held an international conference on space security with participation of high-level space policy officials and experts from Europe, the U.S., and Japan in Prague.
A conference, entitled “Space Security through the Transatlantic Partnership”, was convened in the Czernin Palace, seat of the Czech Foreign Ministry in Prague, on 12 – 14 June 2011. It was the first non-governmental transatlantic conference dedicated to this topic with the participation of senior space policy officials and experts from Europe, the U.S., and Japan. The conference panels discussed the multi-faceted field of space security, including how to define space security, challenges and opportunities associated with a transatlantic approach to international space security cooperation, the governance of space operations and activities (with a special attention to the draft Code of Conduct for Outer Space Activities proposed by the EU), enhancing space security via Space Situational Awareness (SSA), and crisis management (including the importance of crisis prevention). The proper structuring of associated space security dialogue and implementation modalities among the transatlantic partners and Japan was discussed in the last panel, as well as possible post-conference next steps concerning this vital issue area.
These and other issues were analyzed by a list of distinguished speakers and panellists comprised of senior government officials, agencies, multilateral entities, and commercial operators from Europe, the U.S. and Japan. The panel moderators were non-governmental space policy experts and academics. Leading Japanese space officials provided their perspective on space security, thereby creating a formal, trilateral dialogue. The participants valued this unique venue to exchange views and positions.
The conference was attended by over one hundred experts, including: Adm. Dennis C. Blair, former U.S. Director of National Intelligence and Commander-in-Chief of the U.S. Pacific Command, Hirofumi Katase, Deputy Secretary-General, Japan’s Strategic Headquarters for Space Policy in the Cabinet Secretariat; Alexander Vondra, Czech Minister of Defence; Dumitru-Dorin Prunariu, Chairman, UNCOPUOS; Frank Asbeck, Principal Advisor, Security and Space Policy, European External Action Service (EEAS); Giuseppe Morsillo, Director for Policies, Planning and Control, European Space Agency (ESA); Frank A. Rose, Deputy Assistant Secretary for Space and Defense Policy, Bureau of Arms Control, Verification and Compliance, U.S. Department of State; Lt. Gen. Susan Helms, Commander, Joint Function Component Command for Space, US Strategic Command; James Finch, Director for Policy and Strategy Development, Global Strategic Affairs, Space Policy Office of the Under Secretary of Defence for Policy, US Department of Defense; Pierre-Louis Lempereur, Counsellor for Outer Space Issues, Office of the EU Representative for Nonproliferation and Disarmament Issues; Tomaž Lovrenčič, Director, European Union Satellite Centre (EUSC); Jeff Kueter, President, George C. Marshall Institute; and Scott Pace, Director, Space Policy Institute, George Washington University. The main relevant institutions from both sides of the Atlantic provided speakers, making the conference a particularly prominent event (from the U.S.: DoS, DoD, StratCom; from Europe: Council, EC, EEAS, EDA, EUSC, ESA). Additional speakers came from commercial satellite operators, international organizations and fora as well as academic institutions.
Panel on “Security Policy Dimensions of Space Situational Awareness”, moderated by ESPI’s Jana Robinson (third from left), with Tomaž Lovrencic, Director, European Union Satellite Centre; Christian Breant, Director for Research and Technology, European Defence Agency; Col. Carsten Breuer, Chief of Strategy and Policy Branch, Ministry of Defence, Germany; Lt. Gen. Susan Helms, Commander, Joint Function Component Command for Space, US Strategic Command; and Atsuo Suzuki, Director, Defense Policy Division, Bureau of Defense Policy, Japan’s Ministry of Defense (from left)
The conference was a follow-up, in part, on ESPI‘s previous work concerning transatlantic cooperation on space security issues. The Institute’s work included a study presentation in Washinton in November 2009 (webnews available here),a conference on “Transparency and Confidence-Building Measures (TCBM): Alternative Vehicles to Advance Space Security” co-organized with the University of Nebraska College of Law’s Space and Telecommunications Law Program (webnews available here); two ESPI Reports on TCBMs (ESPI Report 27 and 28); a conference on transatlantic cooperation in space security in June 2010 (webnews available here); and a conference on space sustainability that was held in Vienna in May 2011 (webnews available here). The latter two events were jointly organized with the Eisenhower Center For Space and Defense Studies of the U.S. Air Force Academy.
Post-conference publications will include a two-page summary of the main findings and recommendations, a brochure describing the main highlights, and an ESPI Report that is scheduled to be released in the fall of 2011. The latter will be authored by ESPI’s Jana Robinson, who led the organization of the conference from ESPI’s side.
Czech First Deputy Foreign Minister Jiří Schneider, with conference co-organizers Oldřich Černý, Executive Director of PSSI and Kai-Uwe Schrogl, Director of ESPI
Concluding panel with session moderators (from left) Xavier Pasco, Senior Research Fellow, Foundation for Strategic Research Paris, Aude-Emmanuelle Fleurant, Head of Armament and Defence Economy Research Group, French Military Academy Strategic Research Institute, Kai-Uwe Schrogl, Director of European Space Policy Institute, Scott Pace, Director of George Washington University’s Space Policy Institute, and Jana Robinson, ESPI Resident Fellow
Keynote speaker Admiral Dennis C. Blair, former U.S. Director of National Intelligence and Commander-in-Chief of US Pacific Command
Keynote speaker Hirofumi Katase, Deputy Secretary-General of the Strategic Headquarters for Space Policy, Cabinet Secretariat, Japan
Keynote speaker Pierre-Louis Lempereur, Chairman of the Council Working Party on Disarmament and Space
Giuseppe Morsillo, Director of Policies, Planning and Control, European Space Agency, and Frank A. Rose, Deputy Assistant Secretary for Space and Defense Policy, Bureau of Arms Control, Verification and Compliance, U.S. Department of State (from left)
Related webnews: - 31 May 2011. ESPI and the Eisenhower Center for Space and Defense Studies convene jointly a workshop on space sustainability - 24 June 2010. ESPI hosts conference jointly organised with the Eisenhower Center for Space and Defense Studies - 7 May 2010. ESPI explores trans-Atlantic perspectives on space security together with UNL - 17 November 2009. ESPI holds its first study presentation in Washington, D.C.