20 December 2011. Issue 55 of the "ESPI Perspectives" series examines the structure and dynamics of the European Space Technological and Industrial Base (ESTIB), discussing inter alia the role of public policies and regulatory issues, while examining Europe’s performance in the field of technological competitiveness and autonomy.

The European space industry is a niche sector in the total European aerospace field, but it is a qualitatively important contributor to the European economy. Space is generally heavily dependent on public funding, but European companies have achieved an impressive share of accessible world markets for satellites and launcher services. Future competitiveness will depend on continuing support from national governments and European institutions. In this respect, it will be vital for the EU to formulate effective space industrial and technological policies that reflect the special characteristics of the space business and its market.

This issue of the ESPI Perspectives’ series is derived from the final report of “Conditions for Space Policy and Related Action Plan Consolidation in Europe – C-SPACE”, a research receiving funding from the European Union 7th Framework Programme and coordinated by the Foundation for Strategic Research based in Paris under grant agreement n°242507. For more information please visit:

The author, Keith Hayward

Keith Hayward is currently Head of Research at the Royal Aeronautical Society. He was formerly Head of Economic and Political Affairs at the Society of British Aerospace Companies and Professor of International Relations at Staffordshire University. Professor Hayward has been a consultant to the UK House of Commons Trade and Industry Committee, the US Congress Office of Technology Assessment, the UK Ministry of Defence and the Department of Trade and Industry. He has written extensively on defence and aerospace industry issues, and has published over fifty books and articles on the subject. He is an Associate Fellow of the Royal United Services Institute.

- ESPI Perspective 55: "The Structure and Dynamics of the European Space Industry Base"

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