03 November 2017. The preparation of the post-ISS era is a central topic for international partners who have been, so far, struggling to build a steady, robust and commonly-shared vision for the future of human spaceflight and space exploration. Recent announcements suggest that the state of affairs is now progressing as agencies seem to be converging toward a shared enthusiasm for a return to the Moon in preparation of a future Mars mission. In a context where drivers seem to outweigh barriers, the Deep Space Gateway concept seems particularly close to becoming the next stage of international cooperation in space exploration. What could be the role of Europe in an international Moon programme? What are the next necessary steps to position Europe as a key partner? Download the brief here.