21 September 2015. Report 51, written by Letizia Caito while she was a Resident Fellow at ESPI, deals with a critical issue for the European space effort, namely how to get to technological non-dependence. The report describes the history of the European efforts in this  domain, the current state-of-play, and what needs to be done to secure the future.

Report 51 is thematically linked to the ESPI book ‘European Autonomy in Space’ and gives a sweeping overview of the non-dependence topic, its importance and the implication for European decision making on technology development. It stresses the importance of a holistic approach covering both civilian and military space needs.

Download ESPI Report 51 here




Yearbook on Space Policy

India in Space: Between Utility and Geopolitics

A Fresh View on the Outer Space Treaty

Space Resource Utilization: A View from an Emerging Space Faring Nation

Latest Videos

Members & Network

members partners

Library Service


Contact Us

ESPI - European Space Policy Institute
Schwarzenbergplatz 6
Entrance: Zaunergasse 1-3
A-1030 Vienna
Phone +43 1 718 11 18 -0
Fax +43 1 718 11 18 -99
E-Mail: office@espi.or.at