03 February 2017. Eighteen years after the call for a European navigation satellite system, the initial services of the European GNSS Galileo have been declared on December 15, 2016. In the meantime, the tribulations of the programme led to successive changes in its governance until its consolidation in 2013. The resulting configuration, in force until 2020, proved to be effective regarding the deployment of the system. In the new context of system exploitation, and while the elaboration of the next GNSS regulation will be starting this year, this report proposes alternative governance schemes tailored for this new phase of the programme.
The report begins with an identification of the political, economic and technical challenges faced by the governance of such a large programme.
It then provides an extensive analysis of the current state of play, based on three components - the European Commission (EC), the European Space Agency (ESA) and the European GNSS Agency (GSA). The complexity of this state of play is such, that it could be problematic, or suboptimal, for the exploitation of the system.
The third part of the report consists in the identification of those governance issues, classified in six categories: transversal, exploitation, security, international relations, marketing development, and system evolution.
Those elements are finally used to build three scenario schemes tailored for the future governance of the programme.